In spectrum policy, the EU Commission has released additional frequency bands in the 5G network with additional implementation decisions. Member states can henceforth also use the 900 MHz and 1800 MHz bands for 5G applications.
EU 5G: 900 MHz and 1800 MHz bands also for 5G applications
By releasing two additional frequency bands, the EU hopes to improve connectivity for key services in health monitoring, smart homes, as well as optimize energy consumption. At the same time, the additional 900 MHz and 1800 MHz bands will contribute to safer and more efficient use of connected and automated mobility, according to the statement.
In Germany, the Federal Network Agency has so far resorted to 3.6 GHz frequencies in the 5G range. While this is comparatively much faster, it offers a shorter range. By using two additional bands, it would be possible to cover larger areas much better and make 5G available to more areas.
As part of the European 5G Action Plan, the aim is to connect all urban areas and important transport routes to the 5G network by 2025. The 900 MHz and 1800 MHz bands have so far only been used in the 2G, 3G and 4G networks and must now also be cleared and made usable for 5G, as well as for moil radio standards that will follow in the future.
At the same time, additional resolutions aim to improve the technical conditions for spectrum use for short-range WLAN and 5G devices, as they say. This includes, for example, intelligent transportation systems such as connected cars and roads, according to the EU Commission. The goal is to reduce interference with other radio equipment from the fields of meteorology or the military.
WLAN is to use the 5150-5250, 5250-5350 and 5470-5725 MHz sub-bands indoors, while outdoor hotspots are allowed to use the 5470-5725 and 5150-5250 MHz ranges on a restricted basis.
6 GHz WLAN on aircraft
Aircraft will also be allowed to continue using the 5 GHz network until the end of 2028. By then, suitable devices are to be connected to the 6 GHz network, which will already be available on the market by then. This comparatively large transition window is intended to give the aviation industry sufficient time to adapt and at the same time protect developments and investments that are currently already underway.